Editor(s): Jaime Inostroza, Ferdinand Haschke, Philippe Steenhout, Dominik Grathwohl,
Steven E. Nelson, and Ekhard E. Ziegler.
Rapid growth, in particular rapid weight gain in infancy, is associated with later overweight and obesity. Although causality is not established in this association, it is nevertheless conceivable that by slowing down rapid weight gain in infancy, a reduction of the risk of later obesity may be achieved. Among measures that could slow down weight gain in infancy and potentially reduce the risk of later obesity, a reduction in protein intake appears promising. Infant formulas provide more protein than breast milk. High protein intakes, as well as maternal obesity, are risk factors for later obesity. The present study tested whether a formula (for infants from 3 months of age) with lower protein content (1.65 g of protein/100 kcal; 62.8 kcal/100 mL) slows weight gain of infants of overweight mothers.
Ref. Inostroza J. et al. Low-protein formula slows weight gain in infants of overweight mothers. JPGN 2014;59:70-77