The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Countries Passing through the Economic Transition
In this paper Andrew Prentice outlines how, although many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are undergoing economic advancement, the accompanying “nutrition transition” occurring within their populations is triggering a new health challenge. Increasingly sedentary lifestyles and energy-dense diets have led to a rapid increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity.
Improvements in nutrition in many LMICs have succeed in reducing rates of stunting, but in Africa, rapid population growth has led the absolute number of children suffering from stunting to rise. The populations of many parts of Africa, as of many other LMICs, are faced with the “double burden” of malnutrition, whereby under- and overnutrition are simultaneously present in the same population, and sometimes even in the same individual.